GospelからSoul Musicへ – Sam Cooke

(画像出典: Sam Cooke – Wikipedia

 Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur.

 Influential as both a singer and composer, he is commonly known as the King of Soul for his distinctive vocals and importance within popular music. His pioneering contributions to soul music contributed to the rise of Aretha Franklin, Bobby Womack, Al Green, Curtis Mayfield, Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, and Billy Preston, and popularized the likes of Otis Redding and James Brown. AllMusic biographer Bruce Eder wrote that Cooke was “the inventor of soul music”, and possessed “an incredible natural singing voice and a smooth, effortless delivery that has never been surpassed”.

 Cooke had 30 U.S. top 40 hits between 1957 and 1964, plus three more posthumously. Major hits like “You Send Me”, “A Change Is Gonna Come”, “Cupid”, “Chain Gang”, “Wonderful World”, “Another Saturday Night”, and “Twistin’ the Night Away” are some of his most popular songs. Cooke was also among the first modern black performers and composers to attend to the business side of his musical career. He founded both a record label and a publishing company as an extension of his careers as a singer and composer. He also took an active part in the Civil Rights Movement.

Sam Cooke – Wikipedia

 Sam Cookeは、歌手、編曲家として、音楽界に多大な影響力があり、The King of Soulとして知られた。彼の先駆的なSoul Musicへの貢献は、のちのStevie Wonder、Marvin Gaye、James Brownの人気へとつながっている。
 1957年から1964年の活動期間の間に、彼の曲の30曲がTop 40に入っている。
 Cookeは、音楽事業に関わった最初の黒人歌手でもある。彼は、record labelと出版社の両方を立ち上げた。また市民権運動にも積極的に関わっていた。

Sam Cooke – Soul MusicのRoots

 教会音楽だったGospelをpopular musicへと橋渡ししたmusicianのひとりにSam Cookeがいる。彼は、Gospelを基調としつつ、R&Bへとそのstyleを変え、数々のhit songを生み出していった。
 彼の音楽を、Soul Musicの起源と評価する人もいる。

 Sam Cookeは、黒人の権利が守られなかった時代に、自らlabelを立ち上げて、黒人音楽家の地位向上に努めようとした。のちのBlack Musicの盛隆を考えると、こちらの方が彼の功績として大きかったかもしれない。